For notifications concerning any act of pollution at sea:
- you can contact with local governorship and/or
- you can reach the Coast Guard Command 24/7, free of charge from anywhere in Turkey, by dialling 158 (for calls from open sea and abroad: +90 312 158 0000) and/or
- you can contact with local port authority and/or
- you can reach the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, free of charge from anywhere in Turkey, by dialling 181.
Below mentioned authorities have the authority to supervise adherence to Environment Law No. 2872 in marine areas under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Turkey and the authority for decision making in the enforcement of administrative sanctions in accordance with Article 24 of the same law:
- Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications,
- Coast Guard Command, Boat Commands affiliated with Regional Commands,
- Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality,
- Kocaeli Metropolitan Municipality,
- Antalya Metropolitan Municipality,
- Mersin Metropolitan Municipality.
All passenger ships that cruise outside the port, oil tankers with 150 GRT and above and other ships of 400 GRT and above.
The waste notifications that are required to be made by ships over Ship Waste Tracking System (GATS) shall be made by the owner, operator, or authorized agent of the ship to the relevant waste reception obligator and port authority at least 24 hours prior to the arrival of the ship at the port or upon departure from the previous port if the duration of the voyage is less than 24 hours. Any changes that might take place related to the time of arrival at the port or the quantities of waste after the waste notification is made shall again be immediately notified over GATS.
The master, owner, operator, or authorized agent of the ship shall be obliged to submit the Waste Notification Form contained in Annex-1 of the 2013/12 Circular on the Implementation of Ship Waste Tracking Systems to the relevant waste reception obligator and Port Authority through fax in case of force majeure events, where they cannot access GATS.
Services to be rendered by the waste reception facilities and waste reception ships are performed in return for a fee.
The list of fees to be charged to ships are determined by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization and published in Official Gazette dated 05 June 2009 No: 27249 (Notification Regarding the Fees and Principles to be Implemented Within the Scope of the Regulation on Taking Waste from the Ships and Waste Control).
The coastal facility evaluation of the risk and emergency response plan is prepared by Institutions which are authorized by our ministry. These institutions are learned from Environment Impact Assessment which is one of our Ministry’s departments.
Oil and chemical spillages in accidents that occurred, studies is executed and interfered within the scope of Law no: 5312 “Law Pertaining to Principles of Emergency Response and Compensation for Damages in Pollution of Marine Environment by Oil and Other Harmful Substances” and Regulation of application of this Law.
Related with this legislation, in this case, the Ministry's authorization has to be taken to use dispersants. And the use of dispersants without permission from the Ministry is illegal. And environmental law for operation is done to users.
The scope of the law No. 5312, Coastal facilities shall be obliged to take financial liability insurance against the damages under this Law. Coastal facilities that fail to comply with the requirement to take insurance shall not be allowed to operate.
Coast Facilities Sea Pollution Compulsory Liability Insurance;
This insurance provides coverage for legal liability in accordance with the Law No. 5312 dd. 3.3.2005 on the Principles of Responding in Emergencies to Marine Pollution Caused by Petrol and Other Harmful Substances, and Compensation of Damages and Losses, expenses for purification of sea, transportation and removal of collected garbage, claims as a result of death or bodily damage of third parties and loss or damage of private goods arising from pollution or pollution risk in inland waters, coastal waters, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone of Turkey, caused by the coast facility indicated on the policy in respect of General and Special conditions.
In this context, to meet the damages, at the initiative of the Ministry, Coast Facilities Sea Pollution Compulsory Liability insurance and Environmental Liability Insurance’s general conditions are prepared by Undersecretariat of Treasury. And ships have to have P&I Club Insurance.